Surah (112) Ikhlas (tawhid)


سورةُ الإخلاص‏

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحيمِ قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ (1) اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ (2) لَمْ يَلِدْ وَ لَمْ يُولَدْ (3) وَ لَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُواً أَحَدٌ (4)

In The Name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful 1. Say: He, Allah, is One,

2. Allah, the Eternal,

3. He begets not, nor is He begotten,

4. And there is none like unto Him.


The first verse, of this Sura, is an answer to the repeated question of many persons from different groups of people or tribes who asked about the attributes and identity of Allah. The command is:

Say: He, Allah, is One, It begins with the Arabic term/ huwa/ 'He' which is a pronoun-third-person and refers to something known to all, but ambiguous and not identified with any, as against the usual reference in the term of first person singular 'I'. It is, indeed, a code referring to the fact that His Holy Being is extremely concealed and no human

Commentary(Noor al-Quran), Vol12, Page: 294


thought or imagination can touch it, though the signs of His Existence have filled the world, totally, and are more apparent and clear than all things, as Sura Fussilat, No. 41, verse 53 says: Soon will We show them Our Signs in the( furthest )regions( of the earth ), and in their own souls, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth ...

. Then, it makes this unknown fact manifest by saying that 'Allah is One'.

By the way, the term/ qul/, here, means 'express this fact and tell others'.

A tradition from Imam Mohammad Baqir( p. b. u. h. )says that after expressing this statement he has said: Pagans and idol worshippers used to point to their idols using demonstrative pronouns and say: 'O Mohammad, these are our gods that can be seen. You, too, describe your God so that we can see and understand'. Allah revealed these verses: 'Say: He, Allah, is One', and the/ h/ in the word/ huwa/ refers to the confirmation of the matter and takes it into consideration. And/ w/ is a third person pronoun which refers to the meaning that it is concealed from the sight of the eyes and it is beyond the limits of the touch of the senses.­ 1‑

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