Hadith of ghadir

Hadith of ghadir

Soon after finishing the hajj the Holy Prophet started for Medina. On his way, at Ghadir Khumm the Voice from Heaven cried:

 یا ایها الرسول بلغ ما انزل الیک من ربک و ان لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته والله یعصمک منالناس ان الله لا یهدی القوم الکافرین .(المائده ، 5/67)

O Apostle deliver what has been revealed to you from your Lord; and if you do it not, then you have not delivered His message and Allah will protect you from the people, surely Allah will not guide the unbelieving people *(5:67)

Muhammad immediately ordered Bilal to recall the Muslims, who had gone ahead, who were behind and who were proceeding to their homes at the junction, to assemble. The famous Sunni mutakallim and commentator, Fakhru ‘ d-Din ar-Razi in his at-Tafsiru’l-kabir,(vol, 12, pp. 49-50)writes that the Prophet took ‘Ali by the hand and said


من کنت مولاه فعلی مولاه .اللهم وال من والاه و عاد من عاداه وانصر من نصره. واخذل من خذله                                                                                                  

Whoever whose mawla (master) I am, Ali is his master. O Allah love him who loves ‘Ali; and be the enemy of the enemy of ‘Ali; help him who helps ‘Ali, and forsake him who forsake ‘Ali.

He (ar-Razi) writes further that Abu Bakr and Umar congratulated ‘Ali in the following words:

هنیئا لک یابن ابی طالب اصبحت و امسیت مولای و مولی کل مومن و مومنه 

Congratulations, O son of  Abu Talib! This morning you become my mawla and mawla of every believing man and woman.

Once again the voice from Heaven proclaimed:

الیوم اکملت لکم دینکم و اتممت علیکم نعمتی و رضیت لکم الاسلام دینا ، مائده 5/3               

This day I perfected your religion and completed My favour on you and chosen for you Islam as a religion (5;3)     


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